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Mount Etna

Catania, Italy

Mount Etna is an iconic site encompassing 19,237 uninhabited hectares on the highest part of Mount Etna, on the eastern coast of Sicily. Mount Etna is the highest Mediterranean island mountain and the most active stratovolcano in the world. The eruptive history of the volcano can be traced back 500,000 years and at least 2,700 years of this activity has been documented. The almost continuous eruptive activity of Mount Etna continues to influence volcanology, geophysics and other Earth science disciplines. The volcano also supports important terrestrial ecosystems including endemic flora and fauna and its activity makes it a natural laboratory for the study of ecological and biological processes. The diverse and accessible range of volcanic features such as summit craters, cinder cones, lava flows and the Valle de Bove depression have made the site a prime destination for research and education. Mount Etna, also known as Mongibello, is an active stratovolcano located on the Italian island of Sicily. With a height of 3,329 metres, it is the highest volcano in Europe and one of the most active volcanic groups in the world. Etna is located near the city of Catania, which, like Etna, is one of the oldest cities in Sicily.

Etna is a popular tourist attraction and is home to many different types of flora and fauna. The park surrounding Etna is a particularly important nature reserve and is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Visitors can explore Etna by car, on foot or even by train. There are numerous hiking trails that allow visitors to explore the volcano and enjoy the spectacular views of the landscape and the sea.

Etna is an important geological phenomenon and many scientific expeditions have been carried out to study its behaviour. Its active volcanic eruptions are a fascinating natural spectacle. Etna is also known for its hot springs and for its rich mineral deposits. Its lava is crucial for the manufacture of stone products sold throughout Sicily.

Etna is a symbol of Catania and an important part of the city's culture and history. It is a place of inspiration and a place to experience the beauty of nature. Etna is a unique sight that every visitor to Catania should experience.