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Bingen am Rhein - Upper Middle Rhine Valley

Rheinland-Pfalz und Hessen, Germany

Bingen is a charming town located in the states of Rheinland-Pfalz and Hessen in Germany. Situated on the banks of the picturesque Rhine River, Bingen is known for its stunning natural beauty, rich history, and cultural heritage.

The town of Bingen has a long and fascinating history, dating back to the Roman times. Its strategic location on the Rhine River made it an important trading hub, and it was also a popular stop for pilgrims on their way to Santiago de Compostela. In the Middle Ages, Bingen was ruled by powerful bishops and became a center of religious and cultural learning.

Today, Bingen is a bustling town with a thriving economy and a population of around 25,000 people. It is a popular tourist destination, attracting visitors from all over the world who come to explore its many attractions. One of the most iconic landmarks in Bingen is the Mouse Tower, a medieval tower located on a small island in the middle of the Rhine River. Legend has it that the tower was built by a cruel bishop who was eaten alive by mice as a punishment for his sins.

Nature lovers will be in awe of the stunning landscapes surrounding Bingen. The town is surrounded by rolling hills, lush forests, and vineyards, making it a paradise for hikers and cyclists. Visitors can also take a scenic boat ride on the Rhine River and admire the breathtaking views of the town and its surroundings.

Bingen is also a haven for wine lovers, as the region is known for its excellent wines. The town hosts an annual wine festival, where visitors can taste the local wines and learn about the winemaking process. Additionally, Bingen is home to many traditional taverns and restaurants, where you can indulge in delicious regional cuisine and sample some of the finest wines in Germany.

In addition to its natural beauty and cultural attractions, Bingen also offers a variety of activities and events throughout the year. From music festivals to art exhibitions, there is always something happening in this vibrant town.

In conclusion, Bingen in Rheinland-Pfalz and Hessen is a hidden gem in Germany, offering a perfect blend of history, nature, and culture. Whether you are seeking a peaceful retreat or an adventure-filled vacation, Bingen has something for everyone. So come and discover the beauty and charm of this charming town for yourself.

The 65km-stretch of the Middle Rhine Valley, with its castles, historic towns and vineyards, graphically illustrates the long history of human involvement with a dramatic and varied natural landscape. It is intimately associated with history and legend and for centuries has exercised a powerful influence on writers, artists and composers.

Bingen am Rhein (German pronunciation: [ˈbɪŋən] ) is a town in the Mainz-Bingen district in Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany.

The settlement's original name was Bingium, a Celtic word that may have meant "hole in the rock", a description of the shoal behind the Mäuseturm, known as the Binger Loch. Bingen was the starting point for the Via Ausonia, a Roman military road that linked the town with Trier. Bingen is well known for, among other things, the story about the Mouse Tower, in which the Bishop of Hatto I of Mainz was allegedly eaten by mice. Saint Hildegard von Bingen, an important polymath, abbess, mystic and musician, one of the most influential medieval composers and one of the earliest Western composers whose music is widely preserved and performed, was born 40 km away from Bingen, in Bermersheim vor der Höhe. Bingen am Rhein was also the birthplace of the celebrated poet Stefan George, along with many other influential figures.

The Rhine Gorge is a popular name for the Upper Middle Rhine Valley, a 65 km section of the Rhine between Koblenz and Rüdesheim in the states of Rhineland-Palatinate and Hesse in Germany. It was added to the UNESCO list of World Heritage Sites in June 2002 because of its beauty as a cultural landscape, its importance as a route of transport across Europe, and the unique adaptations of the buildings and terraces to the steep slopes of the gorge.

The region's rocks were laid down in the Devonian period and are known as Rhenish Facies. This is a fossil-bearing sedimentary rock type consisting mainly of slate. The rocks underwent considerable folding during the Carboniferous period. The gorge was carved out during a much more recent uplift to leave the river contained within steep walls 200 m high, the most famous feature being the Loreley.

The gorge produces its own microclimate and has acted as a corridor for species not otherwise found in the region. Its slopes have long been terraced for agriculture, in particular viticulture which has good conditions on south-facing slopes. Most of the vineyards belong to the wine region Mittelrhein, but the southernmost parts of the Rhine Gorge fall in Rheingau and Nahe.

The river has been an important trade route into central Europe since prehistoric times and a string of small settlements has grown up along the banks. Constrained in size, many of these old towns retain a historic feel today. With increasing wealth, roughly 40 hilltop castles were built and the valley became a core region of the Holy Roman Empire. It was at the centre of the Thirty Years' War, which left many of the castles in ruins, a particular attraction for today's cruise ships which follow the river. At one time forming a border of France, in the 19th century the valley became part of Prussia and its landscape became the quintessential image of Germany.

This part of the Rhine features strongly in folklore, such as a legendary castle on the Rhine being the setting for the opera Götterdämmerung. The annual Rhine in Flames festivals include spectacular firework displays at Sankt Goar in September and Koblenz in August, the best view being from one of a convoy of boats.